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Understanding Stablecoins: The Digital Evolution of Money

The Digital Evolution of Money

Published on

November 3, 2023


In the world of cryptocurrencies and digital assets, the term "stablecoin" has gained significant attention and popularity. These digital assets offer a unique and crucial feature: price stability. In this blog post, we will dive into the concept of stablecoins, exploring what they are and how they work. To illustrate, we'll use "CNGN," a stablecoin backed by the eNaira, as an example.

What is a Stablecoin?
⁠A stablecoin is a type of cryptocurrency designed to maintain a stable value, as opposed to the extreme price volatility often associated with cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum. It achieves this stability by being pegged to a reserve of assets, such as fiat currencies (like the US Dollar, Euro, or Nigerian Naira), other cryptocurrencies, or even commodities like gold.

The primary goal of stablecoins is to provide the benefits of cryptocurrencies, such as security, efficiency, and borderless transactions, while avoiding the wild price fluctuations that can make them less practical for everyday use. Essentially, they aim to combine the best of both worlds: the reliability of traditional fiat currencies and the innovation of blockchain technology.

CNGN: The Naira-Backed Stablecoin

CNGN is a perfect example of a stablecoin that draws its stability from being backed by a fiat currency, in this case, the Naira. The Nigerian Naira is issued and managed by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to enhance financial inclusion and provide a secure, efficient, and convenient means of conducting transactions.

CNGN mirrors the value of the Naira. This means that 1 CNGN should always be worth 1 Naira, and therefore, it should maintain a stable value in comparison to the volatile price swings experienced by cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

How Stablecoins Maintain Stability
⁠Stablecoins employ various mechanisms to maintain their stable value:

  1. Collateralization: Many stablecoins are fully backed by assets held in reserve. In the case of CNGN, the Naira serves as the reserve, guaranteeing the value of the stablecoin.⁠

  2. Algorithmic Stability: Some stablecoins use algorithms and smart contracts to regulate the supply based on market demand. This approach aims to automatically adjust the coin's supply to keep its value stable.

  3. Hybrid Models: A combination of collateral and algorithmic methods can also be used to enhance stability, giving stablecoins flexibility in different market conditions.

  4. Centralized Control: A few stablecoins are centrally managed, where a central entity can intervene to maintain the coin's value.

The Role of Stablecoins in the Crypto World
Stablecoins play a crucial role in the cryptocurrency ecosystem. They are a bridge between the traditional financial system and the world of cryptocurrencies, offering stability for investors, merchants, and consumers. Stablecoins are widely used for various purposes, including trading, remittances, and as a store of value, without the need to constantly worry about significant price fluctuations.

In summary, stablecoins like CNGN backed by Naira are instrumental in bringing stability to the volatile world of cryptocurrencies. By pegging their value to real-world assets or using algorithmic methods, they enable users to enjoy the benefits of digital currencies without the anxiety of price volatility, making them a valuable addition to the digital financial landscape.


The Africa Stablecoin Consortium (ASC) brings together top financial institutions, fintech innovators, and blockchain experts, aiming to transform Africa's financial landscape through secure & compliant virtual assets. ASC is at the forefront of revolutionizing how people & institutions engage with money.

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